CBD, short for cannabidiol, is the primary cannabinoid found in Cannabis plant. It is one of over 100 naturally-occurring cannabinoids found in the cannabis plant, and is among the most thoroughly researched alongside THC. Cannabinoids are a group of chemical compounds that collectively represent the many different characteristics of cannabis. CBD and THC are perhaps the most widely recognized of all the cannabinoids. Despite having the same molecular structure, these two chemical compounds could not be more different in terms of how they interact with cannabinoid receptors in the body.
When CBD binds to these receptors, it triggers various physiological actions that help to regulate your appetite, pain sensation, mood, and memory.
Studies have shown that CBD may help reduce chronic pain by affecting endocannabinoid receptor activity, reducing inflammation, and interacting with neurotransmitters. Some research suggests that CBD may be effective for certain types of pain, including nerve pain and back pain, when used on its own.
Taking phytocannabinoids and terpenes together may provide additional therapeutic benefits.
This is the theory that all the compounds in cannabis work together, and when taken together, they produce a better effect than when taken alone.Cannabis plants contain more than 120 different phytocannabinoids. These phytocannabinoids act on your endocannabinoid system, which works to keep your body in homeostasis, or balance.
Cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) are two of the more well-researched and popular phytocannabinoids. People take CBD and THC in a variety of ways, and they can be consumed separately or together.
However, some research suggests that taking them together — along with smaller organic compounds in the cannabis plant, known as terpenes or terpenoids — is more effective than taking CBD or THC alone.
This is due to an interaction between phytocannabinoids and terpenes called “the entourage effect.”
Cannabis plants contain several flavonoids that are found nowhere else in nature, known as cannaflavins. Cannabis flavonoids are primarily responsible for giving cannabis plants their pigmentation. For instance, the deep purple color of certain strains is attributed to the flavonoids anthoxanthins and anthocyanins.
Cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids are produced within the trichome cells through biosynthesis, in which enzymes catalyze a series of chemical reactions to produce complex molecules from simple (smaller) molecules.
Terpenes are the precursors of terpenoids. Each of these aromatics have their own medicinal and bioactive properties. Fruits, flowers, vegetables, and spices smell so pleasant because of these terpenes.
Importantly, these hydrocarbon molecules are more than just aromatic scented and tasteful delights.
Pinene, limonene, myrcene, linalool, and caryophyllene are just a few of the terpenes found in different concentrations in cannabis that have been scientifically attributed to having anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-anxiety, sleep-inducing, and mood-boosting therapeutic properties.
Pinene enhances mental focus, linalool works for relaxation, bergamontene helps with stress and insomnia, and myrcene for sleep.
This is why it is so important to preserve these volatile compounds at every stage of any plant oil extraction process to ensure these terpenes can bring their medicinal benefits to people seeking plant-based remedies.
Terpenes, cannabinoids, and the other phyto-compounds give cannabis their unique potential medicinal benefit, taste, and smell.
There are over 50,000 terpenes that are naturally occurring in industrial hemp with low thc content as well as CBD Full Spectrum Oils.
Flavonoids are phytonutrients that are found in all fruits and vegetables.
These compounds are primarily responsible for giving fruits and vegetables their color.
Flavonoids serve numerous purposes throughout nature like helping flowers attract pollinators or protecting plants from potential threats or pests and diseases.
Cannabis plants contain several flavonoids that are found nowhere else in nature, known as cannaflavins. Cannabis flavonoids are primarily responsible for giving cannabis plants their pigmentation. For example the deep purple color of certain strains is attributed to the flavonoids anthoxanthins and anthocyanins.
Scientific Research indicates that flavonoids (including cannaflavins) may also have an array of potential beneficial medical effects including anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, anticancer, and neuroprotective effects.
Terpenes and flavonoids work together with cannabinoids and other plant compounds through the so called “entourage effect.”
CBD does not make you high. Since CBD does not contain any of the psychoactive substance. While CBD does not make you high, many users report positive results when using CBD products. The experience with CBD shall vary from person to person.
The CBD extraction starts with the supercritical CO2 extraction’ in which pressurized carbon dioxide (CO2) is used to pull the entire profile of cannabinoids, waxes, fats and terpenes from the hemp plant. This CO2 extraction process doesn’t require any solvents, which means it’s a very clean process. The supercritical CO2 extraction results in a full-spectrum extract, from which the cannabinoids can be refined further to create CBD isolates.
CBD oil is made from refined hemp extract of the cannabis plant and then diluting it with a carrier oil like olive oil, coconut oil or hemp seed oil.
Hemp seed oil and CBD oil both derive from industrial hemp plant. The main difference between CBD oil and Hemp oil is that hemp oil do not contains CBD. CBD oil is extracted from the flowers, leaves and stalk of the hemp plant, which contains a high concentration of CBD, whilst hemp seed oil is made by cold-pressing hemp seeds into an omega-rich culinary oil.
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